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    Marine Life

    Chinook Salmon (“King”)
    Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
    • Largest Pacific Salmon
    • Range in weight from 8 to 40 pounds
    • Run between May and July
    • Eggs hatch in late winter or early spring
    • Spend one or two winters in streams as smolts
    • Spend two to six years in the ocean before returning to spawn
    • One of the most important commercial and sport fish

    Coho Salmon (“Silver”)
    Oncorhynchus kisutch Walbaum

    • Range in weight from 8 to 12 pounds
    • Run late June through November
    • Eggs develop in winter and hatch in spring
    • Young spend one or two years in freshwater
    • Spend 12 to 18 months in the ocean
    • Prefer to spawn in shallow riffles, small streams
    • Taken from saltwater from July to September
    • Spawning males develop a long, hooked snout

    Pink Salmon (“Humpy”)
    Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

    • Range in weight from 3.5 to 4 pounds
    • Run June through mid-October
    • Eggs hatch in early to mid-winter
    • Smolt enter the ocean in late spring and return in two years
    • Most canned product sold throughout the U.S.
    • Called ‘humpies’ due to flattened hump on back of spawning males
    • Foundation of commercial fisheries in Southeast Alaska

    Chum Salmon (“Dog”)
    Oncorhynchus keta

    • Range in weight from 4 to 30 pounds
    • Runs in the summer and the fall
    • Spawn in side channels, streams, and inter-tidal zones
    • Like pinks, they do not stay in freshwater long
    • Live three to six years
    • Traditionally used as dried fish for winter use in northern Alaska
    • Has the widest distribution of all Pacific salmon

    Harbor Seal
    Phoca vitulina

    • Average weight is 180 pounds; males are heavier than females
    • Attracted by spawning salmon in tidal basins
    • Single pup is born in May or June with mating season shortly after
    • Pups can swim almost immediately after birth
    • Can remain underwater for up to 20 minutes
    • Molt annually, May through October
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